Introduction ::BurundiBackground:Burundi's first democratically elected president was assassinated in October 1993 after only 100 days in office, triggering widespread ethnic violence between Hutu and Tutsi factions. More than 200,000 Burundians perished during the conflict that spanned almost a dozen years. Hundreds of thousands of Burundians were internally displaced or became refugees in neighboring countries. An internationally brokered power-sharing agreement between the Tutsi-dominated government and the Hutu rebels in 2003 paved the way for a transition process that led to an integrated defense force, established a new constitution in 2005, and elected a majority Hutu government in 2005. The government of President Pierre NKURUNZIZA, who was reelected in 2010, continues to face many political and economic challenges.Geography ::BurundiLocation:Central Africa, east of Democratic Republic of the CongoGeographic coordinates:3 30 S, 30 00 EArea:total: 27,830 sq kmcountry comparison to the world: 147land: 25,680 sq kmwater: 2,150 sq kmArea - comparative:slightly smaller than MarylandLand boundaries:total: 974 kmborder countries: Democratic Republic of the Congo 233 km, Rwanda 290 km, Tanzania 451 kmCoastline:0 km (landlocked)Maritime claims:none (landlocked)Climate:equatorial; high plateau with considerable altitude variation (772 m to 2,670 m above sea level); average annual temperature varies with altitude from 23 to 17 degrees centigrade but is generally moderate as the average altitude is about 1,700 m; average annual rainfall is about 150 cm; two wet seasons (February to May and September to November), and two dry seasons (June to August and December to January)Terrain:hilly and mountainous, dropping to a plateau in east, some plainsElevation extremes:lowest point: Lake Tanganyika 772 mhighest point: Heha 2,670 mNatural resources:nickel, uranium, rare earth oxides, peat, cobalt, copper, platinum, vanadium, arable land, hydropower, niobium, tantalum, gold, tin, tungsten, kaolin, limestoneLand use:arable land: 33.06%permanent crops: 14.37%other: 52.57% (2011)Irrigated land:214.3 sq km (2003)Total renewable water resources:12.54 cu km (2011)Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):total: 0.29 cu km/yr (15%/5%/79%)per capita: 43.27 cu m/yr (2005)Natural hazards:flooding; landslides; droughtEnvironment - current issues:soil erosion as a result of overgrazing and the expansion of agriculture into marginal lands; deforestation (little forested land remains because of uncontrolled cutting of trees for fuel); habitat loss threatens wildlife populationsEnvironment - international agreements:party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlandssigned, but not ratified: Law of the SeaGeography - note:landlocked; straddles crest of the Nile-Congo watershed; the Kagera, which drains into Lake Victoria, is the most remote headstream of the White NilePeople and Society ::BurundiNationality:noun: Burundian(s)adjective: BurundianEthnic groups:Hutu (Bantu) 85%, Tutsi (Hamitic) 14%, Twa (Pygmy) 1%, Europeans 3,000, South Asians 2,000Languages:Kirundi (official), French (official), Swahili (along Lake Tanganyika and in the Bujumbura area)Religions:Christian 82.8% (Roman Catholic 61.4%, Protestant 21.4%), Muslim 2.5%, Adventist 2.3%, other 6.5%, unknown 5.9% (2008 census)Population:10,888,321 (July 2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 78note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expectedAge structure:0-14 years: 45.6% (male 2,497,999/female 2,469,564)15-24 years: 19.7% (male 1,071,135/female 1,074,763)25-54 years: 28.4% (male 1,533,191/female 1,559,661)55-64 years: 3.8% (male 186,706/female 225,467)65 years and over: 2.5% (male 108,243/female 161,592) (2013 est.)Dependency ratios:total dependency ratio: 88.6 %youth dependency ratio: 84 %elderly dependency ratio: 4.5 %potential support ratio: 22 (2013)Median age:total: 16.9 yearsmale: 16.6 yearsfemale: 17.2 years (2013 est.)Population growth rate:3.08% (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 7Birth rate:40.04 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 7Death rate:9.12 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 65Net migration rate:-0.17 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 117Urbanization:urban population: 10.9% of total population (2011)rate of urbanization: 4.45% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)Major urban areas - population:BUJUMBURA (capital) 605,000 (2011)Sex ratio:at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female15-24 years: 1 male(s)/female25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female55-64 years: 0.82 male(s)/female65 years and over: 0.67 male(s)/femaletotal population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2013 est.)Mother's mean age at first birth:21.3note: Median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2010 est.)Maternal mortality rate:800 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)country comparison to the world: 6Infant mortality rate:total: 58.86 deaths/1,000 live birthscountry comparison to the world: 26male: 63.32 deaths/1,000 live birthsfemale: 54.27 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)Life expectancy at birth:total population: 59.69 yearscountry comparison to the world: 194male: 57.92 yearsfemale: 61.5 years (2013 est.)Total fertility rate:5.99 children born/woman (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 6Contraceptive prevalence rate:21.9% (2010/11)Health expenditures:11.6% of GDP (2010)country comparison to the world: 12Physicians density:0.03 physicians/1,000 population (2004)Hospital bed density:1.9 beds/1,000 population (2011)Drinking water source:improved:urban: 83% of populationrural: 71% of populationtotal: 72% of populationunimproved:urban: 17% of populationrural: 29% of populationtotal: 28% of population (2010 est.)Sanitation facility access:improved:urban: 49% of populationrural: 46% of populationtotal: 46% of populationunimproved:urban: 51% of populationrural: 54% of populationtotal: 54% of population (2010 est.)HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:3.3% (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 21HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:180,000 (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 29HIV/AIDS - deaths:15,000 (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 19Major infectious diseases:degree of risk: very highfood or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fevervectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue feverwater contact disease: schistosomiasisanimal contact disease: rabies (2013)Obesity - adult prevalence rate:2.9% (2008)country comparison to the world: 176Children under the age of 5 years underweight:35.2% (2005)country comparison to the world: 7Education expenditures:6.1% of GDP (2011)country comparison to the world: 36Literacy:definition: age 15 and over can read and writetotal population: 67.2%male: 72.9%female: 61.8% (2010 est.)School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):total: 11 yearsmale: 12 yearsfemale: 11 years (2010)Child labor - children ages 5-14:total number: 433,187percentage: 19 % (2005 est.)Government ::BurundiCountry name:conventional long form: Republic of Burundiconventional short form: Burundilocal long form: Republique du Burundi/Republika y'u Burundilocal short form: Burundiformer: UrundiGovernment type:republicCapital:name: Bujumburageographic coordinates: 3 22 S, 29 21 Etime difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)Administrative divisions:17 provinces; Bubanza, Bujumbura Mairie, Bujumbura Rural, Bururi, Cankuzo, Cibitoke, Gitega, Karuzi, Kayanza, Kirundo, Makamba, Muramvya, Muyinga, Mwaro, Ngozi, Rutana, RuyigiIndependence:1 July 1962 (from UN trusteeship under Belgian administration)National holiday:Independence Day, 1 July (1962)Constitution:ratified by popular referendum 28 February 2005Legal system:mixed legal system of Belgian civil law and customary lawInternational law organization participation:has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdictionSuffrage:18 years of age; universalExecutive branch:chief of state: President Pierre NKURUNZIZA - Hutu (since 26 August 2005); First Vice President Therence SINUNGURUZA - Tutsi (since 29 August 2010); Second Vice President Gervais RUFYIKIRI - Hutu (since 29 August 2010); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of governmenthead of government: President Pierre NKURUNZIZA - Hutu (since 26 August 2005); First Vice President Therence SINUNGURUZA - Tutsi (since 29 August 2010); Second Vice President Gervais RUFYIKIRI - Hutu (since 29 August 2010)cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by president(For more information visit the World Leaders website )elections: the president elected by popular vote for a five-year term (eligible for a second term); elections last held on 28 June 2010 (next to be held in 2015); vice presidents nominated by the president, endorsed by parliamentelection results: Pierre NKURUNZIZA elected president by popular vote; Pierre NKURUNZIZA 91.6%, other 8.4%; note - opposition parties withdrew from the election due to alleged government interference in the electoral processLegislative branch:bicameral Parliament or Parlement, consists of a Senate (54 seats; 34 members elected by indirect vote to serve five-year terms, with remaining seats assigned to ethnic groups and former chiefs of state) and a National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (minimum 100 seats, 60% Hutu and 40% Tutsi with at least 30% being women; additional seats appointed by a National Independent Electoral Commission to ensure ethnic representation; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)elections: last held on 23 July 2010 (next to be held in 2015)election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - TBD; National Assembly - percent of vote by party - CNDD-FDD 81.2%, UPRONA 11.6%, FRODEBU 5.9%, others 1.3%; seats by party - CNDD-FDD 81, UPRONA 17, FRODEBU 5, other 3Judicial branch:highest court(s): Supreme Court (consists of 9 judges and organized into Judicial, administrative, and cassation chambers)judge selection and term of office: judges nominated by the Judicial Service Commission, a 15-member independent body of judicial and legal profession officials); judges appointed by the president with the approval of the Senate; judge tenure NAsubordinate courts: Courts of Appeal; County Courts; Courts of ResidencePolitical parties and leaders:governing parties:Burundi Democratic Front or FRODEBU [Leonce NGENDAKUMANA]National Council for the Defense of Democracy - Front for the Defense of Democracy or CNDD-FDD [Jeremie NGENDAKUMANA]Union for National Progress (Union pour le Progress Nationale) or UPRONA [Bonaventure NIYOYANKANA]note: a multiparty system was introduced after 1998, included are:National Council for the Defense of Democracy or CNDD [Leonard NYANGOMA]National Resistance Movement for the Rehabilitation of the Citizen or MRC-Rurenzangemero [Epitace BANYAGANAKANDI]Party for National Redress or PARENA [Jean-Baptiste BAGAZA]Political pressure groups and leaders:Forum for the Strengthening of Civil Society or FORSC [Pacifique NININAHAZWE] (civil society umbrella organization)Observatoire de lutte contre la corruption et les malversations economiques or OLUCOME [Gabriel RUFYIRI] (anti-corruption pressure group)other: Hutu and Tutsi militias (loosely organized)International organization participation:ACP, AfDB, AU, CEPGL, COMESA, EAC, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, NAM, OIF, OPCW, UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNISFA, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTODiplomatic representation in the US:chief of mission: Ambassador Angele NIYUHIREchancery: Suite 408, 2233 Wisconsin Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20007telephone:  (202) 342-2574FAX:  (202) 342-2578Diplomatic representation from the US:chief of mission: Ambassador [vacant]; Charge d'Affaires Samuel R. WATSONembassy: Avenue des Etats-Unis, Bujumburamailing address: B. P. 1720, Bujumburatelephone:  22-207-000FAX:  22-222-926Flag description:divided by a white diagonal cross into red panels (top and bottom) and green panels (hoist side and fly side) with a white disk superimposed at the center bearing three red six-pointed stars outlined in green arranged in a triangular design (one star above, two stars below); green symbolizes hope and optimism, white purity and peace, and red the blood shed in the struggle for independence; the three stars in the disk represent the three major ethnic groups: Hutu, Twa, Tutsi, as well as the three elements in the national motto: unity, work, progressNational symbol(s):lionNational anthem:name: ""Burundi Bwacu"" (Our Beloved Burundi)lyrics/music: Jean-Baptiste NTAHOKAJA/Marc BARENGAYABOnote: adopted 1962Economy ::BurundiEconomy - overview:Burundi is a landlocked, resource-poor country with an underdeveloped manufacturing sector. The economy is predominantly agricultural; agriculture accounts for just over 30% of GDP and employs more than 90% of the population. Burundi's primary exports are coffee and tea, which account for 90% of foreign exchange earnings, though exports are a relatively small share of GDP. Burundi's export earnings - and its ability to pay for imports - rests primarily on weather conditions and international coffee and tea prices. An ethnic-based war that lasted for over a decade resulted in more than 200,000 deaths, forced more than 48,000 refugees into Tanzania, and displaced 140,000 others internally. Only one in two children go to school, and approximately one in 15 adults has HIV/AIDS. Food, medicine, and electricity remain in short supply. Less than 2% of the population has electricity in its homes. Burundi's GDP grew around 4% annually in 2006-12. Political stability and the end of the civil war have improved aid flows and economic activity has increased, but underlying weaknesses - a high poverty rate, poor education rates, a weak legal system, a poor transportation network, overburdened utilities, and low administrative capacity - risk undermining planned economic reforms. The purchasing power of most Burundians has decreased as wage increases have not kept up with inflation. Burundi will remain heavily dependent on aid from bilateral and multilateral donors - foreign aid represents 42% of Burundi''s national income, the second highest rate in Sub-Saharan Africa. Burundi joined the East African Community in 2009, which should boost Burundi's regional trade ties, and also in 2009 received $700 million in debt relief. Government corruption is hindering the development of a healthy private sector as companies seek to navigate an environment with ever changing rules.GDP (purchasing power parity):$5.578 billion (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 169$5.363 billion (2011 est.)$5.148 billion (2010 est.)note: data are in 2012 US dollarsGDP (official exchange rate):$2.475 billion (2012 est.)GDP - real growth rate:4% (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 804.2% (2011 est.)3.8% (2010 est.)GDP - per capita (PPP):$600 (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 226$600 (2011 est.)$600 (2010 est.)note: data are in 2012 US dollarsGross national saving:1.7% of GDP (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 1411.7% of GDP (2011 est.)0.3% of GDP (2010 est.)GDP - composition, by end use:household consumption: 91.8%government consumption: 12.1%investment in fixed capital: 21.8%investment in inventories: -4.5%exports of goods and services: 8%imports of goods and services: -29.1%(2012 est.)GDP - composition, by sector of origin:agriculture: 35.2%industry: 18.6%services: 46.2% (2012 est.)Agriculture - products:coffee, cotton, tea, corn, sorghum, sweet potatoes, bananas, cassava (manioc); beef, milk, hidesIndustries:light consumer goods such as blankets, shoes, soap, and beer; assembly of imported components; public works construction; food processingIndustrial production growth rate:4% (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 67Labor force:4.245 million (2007)country comparison to the world: 89Labor force - by occupation:agriculture: 93.6%industry: 2.3%services: 4.1% (2002 est.)Unemployment rate:NA%Population below poverty line:68% (2002 est.)Household income or consumption by percentage share:lowest 10%: 4.1%highest 10%: 28% (2006)Distribution of family income - Gini index:42.4 (1998)country comparison to the world: 50Budget:revenues: $767.6 millionexpenditures: $865.8 million (2012 est.)Taxes and other revenues:31% of GDP (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 87Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):-4% of GDP (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 146Public debt:50.8% of GDP (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 6555.7% of GDP (2011 est.)Fiscal year:calendar yearInflation rate (consumer prices):18% (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 2159.7% (2011 est.)Central bank discount rate:11.25% (31 December 2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 2310% (31 December 2009 est.)Commercial bank prime lending rate:14.32% (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 6313.23% (31 December 2011 est.)Stock of narrow money:$332.2 million (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 165$335.7 million (31 December 2011 est.)Stock of broad money:$519 million (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 176$465.4 million (31 December 2011 est.)Stock of domestic credit:$572.2 million (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 168$576.3 million (31 December 2011 est.)Market value of publicly traded shares:$NACurrent account balance:-$337.4 million (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 86-$253.4 million (2011 est.)Exports:$127.1 million (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 187$124 million (2011 est.)Exports - commodities:coffee, tea, sugar, cotton, hidesExports - partners:Germany 14.8%, Pakistan 9.1%, China 8.7%, Austria 7.5%, Sweden 7.2%, Belgium 5.1%, France 4.7%, Rwanda 4.4%, US 4.1% (2012)Imports:$810 million (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 184$771.7 million (2011 est.)Imports - commodities:capital goods, petroleum products, foodstuffsImports - partners:Saudi Arabia 16.3%, China 7.9%, Uganda 7.7%, Belgium 7%, Kenya 6.7%, Zambia 6.6%, India 5.5%, Singapore 5.1% (2012)Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:$308.8 million (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 153$295.5 million (31 December 2011 est.)Debt - external:$639.7 million (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 169$627.7 million (31 December 2011 est.)Exchange rates:Burundi francs (BIF) per US dollar -1,442.51 (2012 est.)1,261.07 (2011 est.)1,230.8 (2010 est.)1,230.18 (2009)1,198 (2008)Energy ::BurundiElectricity - production:127 million kWh (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 189Electricity - consumption:198.1 million kWh (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 184Electricity - exports:0 kWh (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 170Electricity - imports:80 million kWh (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 94Electricity - installed generating capacity:52,000 kW (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 181Electricity - from fossil fuels:1.9% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 202Electricity - from nuclear fuels:0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 58Electricity - from hydroelectric plants:98.1% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 7Electricity - from other renewable sources:0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 116Crude oil - production:0 bbl/day (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 115Crude oil - exports:0 bbl/day (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 90Crude oil - imports:0 bbl/day (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 165Crude oil - proved reserves:0 bbl (1 January 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 112Refined petroleum products - production:0 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 160Refined petroleum products - consumption:2,290 bbl/day (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 187Refined petroleum products - exports:0 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 159Refined petroleum products - imports:1,334 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 188Natural gas - production:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 107Natural gas - consumption:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 123Natural gas - exports:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 71Natural gas - imports:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 168Natural gas - proved reserves:0 cu m (1 January 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 116Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy:527,800 Mt (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 178Communications ::BurundiTelephones - main lines in use:30,000 (2011)country comparison to the world: 176Telephones - mobile cellular:1.915 million (2011)country comparison to the world: 141Telephone system:general assessment: sparse system of open-wire, radiotelephone communications, and low-capacity microwave radio relaysdomestic: telephone density one of the lowest in the world; fixed-line connections stand at well less than 1 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular usage is increasing but remains at roughly 20 per 100 personsinternational: country code - 257; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Indian Ocean) (2011)Broadcast media:state-controlled La Radiodiffusion et Television Nationale de Burundi (RTNB) operates the lone TV station and the only national radio network; about 10 privately owned radio stations; transmissions of several international broadcasters are available in Bujumbura (2007)Internet country code:.biInternet hosts:229 (2012)country comparison to the world: 198Internet users:157,800 (2009)country comparison to the world: 147Transportation ::BurundiAirports:7 (2013)country comparison to the world: 165Airports - with paved runways:total: 1over 3,047 m: 1 (2013)Airports - with unpaved runways:total: 6914 to 1,523 m: 4under 914 m:2 (2013)Heliports:1 (2012)Roadways:total: 12,322 kmcountry comparison to the world: 128paved: 1,286 kmunpaved: 11,036 km (2004)Waterways:(mainly on Lake Tanganyika between Bujumbura, Burundi's principal port, and lake ports in Tanzania, Zambia, and the Democratic Republic of Congo) (2011)Ports and terminals:lake port(s): Bujumbura (Lake Tanganyika)Military ::BurundiMilitary branches:National Defense Forces (Forces de Defense Nationale, FDN): Army (includes maritime wing, Air Wing), National Gendarmerie (2013)Military service age and obligation:18 years of age for voluntary military service; the armed forces law of 31 December 2004 did not specify a minimum age for enlistment, but the government claimed that no one younger than 18 was being recruited; mandatory retirement age 45 (enlisted), 50 (NCOs), and 55 (officers) (2012)Manpower available for military service:males age 16-49: 2,182,327females age 16-49: 2,202,125 (2010 est.)Manpower fit for military service:males age 16-49: 1,398,769females age 16-49: 1,481,417 (2010 est.)Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:male: 117,956female: 116,956 (2010 est.)Military expenditures:5.9% of GDP (2006 est.)country comparison to the world: 12Transnational Issues ::BurundiDisputes - international:Burundi and Rwanda dispute two sq km (0.8 sq mi) of Sabanerwa, a farmed area in the Rukurazi Valley where the Akanyaru/Kanyaru River shifted its course southward after heavy rains in 1965; cross-border conflicts persist among Tutsi, Hutu, other ethnic groups, associated political rebels, armed gangs, and various government forces in the Great Lakes regionRefugees and internally displaced persons:refugees (country of origin): 41,349 (Democratic Republic of the Congo) (2012)IDPs: 78,800 (the majority are ethnic Tutsi displaced by inter-communal violence that broke out after the 1993 coup and fighting between government forces and rebel groups; no new displacements since 2008 when the last rebel group laid down its arms) (2012)stateless persons: 1,302 (2012)Trafficking in persons:current situation: Burundi is a source country for children and possibly women subjected to forced labor and sex trafficking; business people recruit Burundian girls for prostitution domestically, as well as in Rwanda, Kenya, Uganda, and the Middle East, and recruit boys and girls for forced labor in Burundi and Tanzania; children and young adults are coerced into forced labor in farming, mining, construction, or informal commerce; some family members, friends, and neighbors are complicit in exploiting children, luring them in with offers of educational or job opportunitiestier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Burundi does not comply fully with the minimum standards for the elimination of human trafficking; however, it is making significant efforts to do so; the government fails to prosecute trafficking offenses vigorously or increase its capacity to protect victims; most victim assistance continues to be provided by NGOs without government support; the government also fails to complete its draft anti-trafficking legislation, which is intended to rectify gaps in existing laws; a nationwide awareness-raising campaign continues (2013)"
The World Factbook. 2014.
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